Ancestors, evolution

There are more than 800 breeds (Bos taurus) and they all have a single primitive ancestor: the Aurochs (Bos primigenius). Cave paintings describe the aurochs as majestic, with large horns, still free and wild. According to the fascinating discoveries of scientists, the history of modern cattle begins about 10,000 years ago, during the Neolithic Revolution, in various parts of the planet. Important traces can be found in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

From primitive domestication, with random and selected cross-breeding, came the different breeds for working, for meat and for dairy.  The cow and its milk have favored our genetic, economic and cultural evolution. Settled and transhumant herds mark the transition from an exploitative agricultural economy to a productive and sustainable one.